Starting A New Lawn
Ideal Planting Time:?Late summer, early fall, or spring. If seeding at other times, be prepared to touch up thin or bare spots as needed.
Seedbed and Soil Preparation:?Some lawns may need other soil amendments such lime. It is best to conduct a soil test prior to any new seeding. Till the soil approximately 6 inches deep. Level with garden or landscaping rake. Surface may be firmed by rolling or soaking, then re-raking till level. Leave top 1/2 inch loose to allow seed to be worked into soil.
Fertilization:?Prior to or right after seeding, apply a starter fertilizer to help proper root development. Continue using a systematic fertilizer program to maintain a healthy lawn.
Seeding:?Sow seeds evenly at recommended seed rates. Rake lightly into soil. No more than 1/8 inch of soil should cover seed. Use a roller or other means to firmly pack the seeded soil.
Covering:?Use blankets, pelletized or paper mulch, or straw to hold soil moisture and hasten germination. Baled straw may bring in unwanted weeds; use with caution.
Watering:?Do not allow soil to dry out. Keep soil moist with frequent light watering until seedlings are visible. After lawn is established, water as necessary.
Over-seeding An Existing Lawn
Lawn Preparation:?Mow lawn to 1 inch and remove clippings. Dethatch with a power rake or hand rake smaller areas.
Seeding:?Sow seed evenly at the recommended seed rate. Work seed into existing turf by raking.
Watering:?Keep soil moist with frequent, light watering until grass is established.
Mowing:?Follow normal mowing practices when grass reaches 3-4 inches in height.
Maintaining Your Lawn
Mowing:?Maintain mower height between 2 to 3 inches, never remove more than 1/3 of the grass plant with each mowing.
Weed Control:?It is very common to see new weeds when planting a new lawn or disturbing the soil. For new lawns, wait 6-8 weeks before using any herbicide. For existing lawns, the best weed control is to maintain a healthy lawn by regular fertilization, proper mowing, and watering as often as necessary.